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Campaign Roadblog, 2/18/04

With the primary season in full swing, CBS News reporters are out on the road covering the candidates' every move. In our daily Roadblog, they share their campaign trail observations, impressions and anecdotes.


Wed. Feb. 18 Kerry, fresh off his Wisconsin win, came out swinging - against second-place finisher John Edwards and against President Bush.

The trade issue is going to be a big deal in the new two-way contest between Edwards and Kerry, especially in the Super Tuesday - March 2nd - state of Ohio. Edwards will continue to point out he's against NAFTA while stressing that Kerry voted for it. Kerry bristled when asked about the issue in Dayton, Ohio.

"We have the same policy on trade. Exactly the same policy. He voted for the China trade agreement, so did I. And both of us want to have labor agreements and environment agreements as part of a trade agreement. So it's the exact same policy," said Kerry.

When he was pressed about their differences on NAFTA, Kerry shot back, "Well, he wasn't in the Senate back then. I don't know where he registered his vote, but it wasn't in the Senate."

Meantime, Kerry took a jab at the White House, a day after Bush administration officials backed off their projection of the creation of 2.6 million new jobs this year.

"What it says to me is they don't know what they're talking about in their own economic policy," Kerry said. "Today it's one thing and tomorrow it's the next. The biggest 'Say one thing, do another' administration in the history of the country."

Next to Edwards' strong second place finish in Wisconsin, the other big political news of the day was Howard Dean's withdrawal from the race, effectively ending months of harsh attacks from the Vermont governor. Kerry, who on the morning flight from Madison, Wisconsin to Dayton, was in extremely high spirits because of his win and perhaps because of the Dean news, complimented his former rival after the plane landed.

"It's impossible not to express admiration and respect for the campaigning that he's put together and what he's achieved," said Kerry.

Kerry was quite chatty on the morning plane ride talking about future travel - he plans on visiting Georgia, New York, California, Ohio (again), Minnesota and Massachusetts over the next two weeks. However, one state that holds its caucuses on Tuesday, Hawaii, is not on the calendar, to Kerry's dismay.

"I have honestly proven how powerless I am," Kerry lamented, explaining his staff had nixed the idea due to the amount of travel time involved. He added that he could have seen himself "doing a curly on a lip of a wave coming over Waikiki."

Kerry also talked about potential celebrity support including hip-hop mogul Russell Simmons and Bette Midler - a long way from original celebrity backers Carole King and Peter Yarrow. When asked about Madonna now that Wesley Clark has endorsed him, all Kerry would offer was: "Clark offered to help me bring some people on board who are supporters of his, so I'm looking forward to that."

Wednesday, Kerry focused on jobs during an event at a UAW hall in Dayton, Ohio and a rally at the Plumbers and Pipefitters hall in Columbus, where over 1,000 turned out.

In Dayton, when one audience member shouted out "Mr. President!" Kerry cautioned: "I've gotta win the nomination first. And I'm counting on Ohio."

Thursday, Kerry is expected to receive the endorsement of the AFL-CIO in Washington, D.C. before heading to Boston for a day of meetings with advisers.
--Steve Chaggaris


Sun. Feb. 15: Back in early October, when Howard Dean boarded his charter jet for a leg of the whirlwind Generation Dean tour, he was invited by a reporter to join in for a game of Hearts. Dean accepted and joined three reporters at a table on the plane for a casual game of cards. One of the reporters quickly bailed out of the game due to a lack of understanding of the game's nuances; Joe Trippi, still campaign manager at the time, filled in the fourth seat.

The competition was intense with Dean and Trippi seemingly more determined to outdo the other, seemingly more in the spirit of good-natured rivalry than to win the game. The two remaining reporters did their best to keep up but suffered drastic defeat.

Reporters, thinking the casual hangout time with the then front-running Democratic candidate was over as the game concluded, were surprised when Dean offered to teach everyone a new game he liked to play: Oh Hell.

Perhaps you've heard of the game. President Clinton, widely know as a big time Hearts player, in fact also played Oh Hell during his travels. The game quickly became popular among the Dean press corps - the occasional marathon session has helped through many a road trip - and rivalries run intense. The governor has continued to play the game with reporters throughout the months of his campaign; however, as reported in Time, he almost always loses - even though he taught everyone else how to play.

So for all the Deaniacs out there looking for elements of the campaign to hang onto, here is how you play Oh Hell, at least the version played by the staff and press on the Dean campaign:

The number of players can be pretty much anywhere from three to seven, though four or five is the ideal. With five players, begin by dealing out ten cards to each player. This will leave two cards undealt - turn the top card of those remaining to determine the trump suit. Based on the cards in your hand and what suit is trump, you must "bid" on how many "tricks" you expect to win. (Strategy note: it is easier to lose tricks than to win tricks).

The person to the left of the dealer bids first and the dealer bids last. If you make your bid, meaning if you win as many tricks as you bid and no more, you get 10 points plus the number you bid. If you miss your bid by going either over or under, you only get as many points as tricks you take.

Whoever bids highest leads the first trick. To play a round, the person who goes first lays out a card. That card establishes the "lead suit." The Thornell corollary tells us that YOU MUST FOLLOW SUIT IF YOU HAVE THE SUIT. (The Thornell corollary is named after Dean's press secretary Doug Thornell, who often struggles with this rule of the game.)

Each player throws out one card and whoever plays the highest card (aces high) in the suit that was led, takes the trick - unless you are void in the suit that was led, in which case you may play a trump card that beats everything. Should a trump be played on a trick, the highest trump card played wins the trick. Whoever wins the trick leads the next one. (Note: if you are void in the suit led, you may, but do not have to, play a trump card.)

Now, one other side note: the Thornell Theorem states that if you only have one card left on the last trick of the hand, there is nothing to debate. Throw in that one card!!!

The two tricky parts of the game are this:

1. Each hand, one card less is dealt. So if you start with ten cards each, you work your way down to one - and then back up if you have enough time.

2. The number of tricks bid cannot equal the number of tricks available. The last person to bid - the dealer - cannot bid a number of tricks that will make the total bid equal how many cards are dealt that hand. So, yes, every hand, someone is sure not to make bid.

That's it! You are now fully prepared to play Oh Hell. If you are playing with a total of five and one person gets out in front, often the four others will concentrate, maybe even work together, on bringing down the frontrunner. After all, until the person in the lead is knocked off, no one else playing has a chance at winning.

When you get good, try some of the moves that have earned special names on the campaign trail:

The Gold Maneuver - leading with the king of trump and following up with the ace to take the first two tricks.

Doing A Perry - holding the ace of trump for the last trick.

While flying home to Burlington, Vermont, Saturday to see his son's hockey game, Dean again engaged in a game of Oh Hell with members of his press corps. For the first time since October, he won.
--Eric Salzman

GEN. WESLEY CLARK, U.S. Army (retired)

Tues. Feb. 10: It was during a three-hour drive to Memphis, where the campaign was set to hold its victory rally, that the sun began to set, literally as well as figuratively, on Wesley Clark's candidacy. Early election returns showed Clark was losing decisively to both John Kerry and John Edwards in Virginia, and also placing third in Tennessee.

An early travel schedule issued to the press the day before suggested Clark was set to begin campaigning in Wisconsin the next day for the state's primary the following week. But as Kerry and Edwards' leads grew, those on the press bus began to wonder if and when we would be rerouted to Little Rock, Clark's hometown. Since there was no staff member on the bus, speculation spread down the aisle unchecked.

The motorcade stopped at a Memphis polling site so Clark could shake more hands before idly watching election returns in his hotel room. While greeting the crowd of mostly supporters, the tone of the campaign was noticeably subdued.

"I hope you much success," one woman said as she hugged her candidate.

"Thank you very much," Clark responded, wistfully continuing, "It's what we need, it's what we need."

Clark always maintained a Tennessee victory was important to his campaign, but he never addressed whether or not he had a contingency plan. When asked by a local television reporter if the primary was a "deciding factor," on the premise that returns were unfavorable for a Clark win, he replied, "Well, it might be."

As the traveling press corps tried to get a feeling as to whether or not the campaign could recover from the Tennessee blow, multiple staffers suggested there was no scheduling change, at least not "right now," one stressed. The decision had not been made.

Nor had it been made by the time General Clark came into his "victory" party to a crowd chanting, "Stay, Wes, Stay!" Clark's speech was an ambiguous salute to Tennessee voters and his ideals of America; there was no language indicating he would either stay in the race or pull out.

"We may have lost this battle today, but I'll tell you what. We're not going to lose the battle for America's future. Our goal remains the same – to change the direction of our country and bring a higher standard of leadership to the White House." In hindsight, only in the first "we" was Clark referring to himself.

Clark closed his eight-minute speech through the applause of a mix of volunteers, supporters and teary-eyed staffers. "And we'll leave Tennessee even more full of hope and even more committed to building a better America than when we began this journey five months ago. And that's because of all of you. That's because of your commitment, your determination, your support and your belief that in this United States of America, we can move our country forward. We can do better than George W. Bush, and we must," he said.

When the speech ended, Clark briefly shook hands, telling one of many confused reporters, "We're going to talk about everything tomorrow." When he disappeared behind the curtain, so did his staff. Reporters tried fruitlessly to contact any of the Little Rock staff members who descended on Memphis for Clark's speech. As media deadlines fast approached, it was decided that if the campaign wouldn't come to us for answers we would go to them.

About 20 reporters poured into a Marriott elevator to stake out General Clark's 18th floor hotel room. A staffer peered out to tell the frustrated group that the general was not in the room and that the campaign would send a representative downstairs to the press filing center. When the horde of reporters didn't budge, another staffer broke the group up by giving a more specific answer. Communications director Matt Bennett would address the group in about an hour's time.

Less than ten minutes later, the Associated Press reported that Clark was dropping out of the race. Bennett appeared shortly after that. "It's a very simple announcement: General Clark has decided to leave the race," he said, matter of factly. "He did it after the final results were in for Tennessee and the decision is final, and we're leaving the race."

After a round of questions, Bennett revealed that the general made the decision with his wife and son, calling to inform campaign chairman Eli Segal from a cell phone. The news was still spreading to lower-level staffers as Bennett addressed the press.

Kerry's lead became insurmountable, according to the campaign. "I think the pressure came for a variety of reasons, one was Senator Kerry's momentum in the race, the other was financing, but those are kind of a piece. When your momentum dies, your financing dies with it," Bennett explained.

And although Clark was "disappointed," he was also practical and optimistic. "He's a first-time candidate for any office, and getting in the race in late September – two things that are almost impossible to overcome for anyone. So he was realistic, and I think at the end of the day, proud of what he accomplished," Bennett said.

Early Wednesday morning, Clark and his family slipped past the few remaining members of the traveling press corps onto their bus to make the drive back to Little Rock, where the retired general will officially retire from the race for the Democratic nomination. But don't count on Clark disappearing into the woodwork just yet.

When asked if the former candidate would consider a role as vice-presidential nominee, Bennett responded, "He's neither ruled in or out anything at all. Anything."
--Bonney Kapp


Sat. Feb. 7: On a day that Edwards' main rival John Kerry is hoping to do well in the Michigan and Washington primaries, Senator Edwards spent his day jetting from Tennessee to Wisconsin to Virginia. Since he decided to skip Washington and not focus on Michigan, he's now putting all of his efforts into the February 10th and 17th primary states (Virginia, Tennessee and Wisconsin).

A critical component of Edwards' campaign is that he can do well in the South. Last week he proved that he could win his home state of South Carolina, but with the primaries moving to Virginia and Tennessee, Edwards is not as confident that he will have the same results as S.C. In fact, at a press avail earlier today, Edwards said that this is a long term process and they need to be competitive and place in the top two (but not that he necessarily has to win). He said that this is a war of attrition and they are narrowing the field down to two.

Edwards began his morning at the University of Memphis. As the crowd waited for him to arrive, they were playing the Beatles, Bill Withers and Marc Cohn ("Walking in Memphis"). There was also an Elvis impersonator that was trying to attract a lot of attention, but much to his dismay, the focus this morning was on Edwards and not Elvis.

While the campaign has moved from city-to-city/state-to-state, the stump has more or less remained the same, with the exception of a few tweaks here and there.

For instance, today he talked a little more about health care in Tennessee than he normally does, and he criticized Bush for not having his own proposal for what he'd do about this issue. "Bush leads a sheltered existence and needs to be out in the real world doing what I am doing," said Edwards.

Furthermore, Edwards usually ends his stop by mentioning all of the petty attacks by the other candidates. He constantly says, "If you are looking for the presidential candidate that can do the best job sniping at the other candidates, then you have lots of other choices. That's not me."

Along those lines, this morning he added that the attacks have been as recent as yesterday and voters will continue to hear them. What Edwards was referring to were the attacks by Clark about Edwards' record on support for veterans. He was asked about it again today and Edwards said that he will continue to focus on his positive message.

As for his rivals, Edwards is also asked repeatedly if he plans to attack Kerry. Edwards response is that he will continue to campaign the same way that he has been doing all along - outlining a positive vision for America.

However, he did say that he'd point out the distinctions between his rivals, particularly Kerry and himself. It seems like the media and political analysts are desperately waiting (and in some ways hoping) for him to go negative, but so far he has not strayed far from his original optimistic course of action.

After Virginia and Tennessee, the next big state is Wisconsin. While many of the pundits are characterizing it as a must-win state for one of the candidates, Edwards says that this is also part of the nominating process and not one single state is the end-all be-all. He already has ads up in Wisconsin and plans to put up a big fight there. He says that Wisconsin is "wide open" and he thinks that in the next 10 days more people will begin focusing on the state.

Edwards anticipates that the same thing that happened in other states (I assume he means Iowa in particular), will happen in Wisconsin and the momentum will become even stronger after Tennessee and Virginia (especially if he does well in the Feb. 10th states).

At a stop in Milwaukee this afternoon, Edwards was greeted by hundreds of members of the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE), a union of 500,000 members nationwide that have endorsed him.

Edwards reminded the crowd that the union stood by him when he ran for the Senate in 1998 and because of them he was able to defeat the Jesse Helms political machine and now he's the senior Senator from North Carolina. He also told the union members that his mother and brother were part of unions and because of that they were able to get health insurance. A common message for Edwards is to remind people that he is one of them and that he understands what they are going through.

Even if Edwards does not win any of these three states, he'll still continue to fight for the nomination. There are several big primaries on March 2nd, and so long as the Edwards camp has enough money (which they keep saying they are in the best financial shape they've ever been in), it seems like he will fight til the very end.

For now, the strategy is to do well in Virginia, Tennessee and Wisconsin and to dwindle it down to a two-man race between Kerry and Edwards. Then the real showdown will begin.
--Alison Schwartz